The ARB is the new home of applied physical sciences and engineering, connecting faculty across four colleges and eight departments — College of Engineering (Aerospace & Mechanical, Electrical & Computer, Material Science & Engineering, and Systems & Industrial); College of Science (Astronomy, Lunar & Planetary Lab); College of Optical Sciences; and the College of Medicine — enabling space science and exploration, advanced manufacturing, and imaging technology research.
Partnering with NASA and other federal agencies, the University of Arizona is the nation’s top academic institution for research funding in astronomy and astrophysics. The new building offers a range of facilities to enable this advanced research, including the largest thermal vacuum chamber of any university in the world, which simulates environmental space conditions to test balloon and satellite performance; high bay payload assembly areas used for constructing high-altitude stratospheric balloons and nanosatellites, also known as "CubeSats"; a non-reflective, echo-free room called an anechoic chamber to test antennae for command, control, and data relay purposes; and a large, dynamic testing lab for testing the performance of a range of objects, from airplane wings to sensors.
The ARB houses an array of rare, space-specific instruments and equipment. The third floor is dedicated to material characterization, imaging, optics, and advanced electronics clean rooms and laboratories, all in support of the research devices and componentry on the floors below. An anechoic chamber on the ground level provides an environment for sound testing of satellite communications, alongside the building’s centerpiece, a two-story, 40-ton thermal vacuum chamber that simulates the environmental conditions found in space. Exaggerated 40-foot-high bay labs with 30-foot-high doors on the building’s north side are used for constructing high-altitude stratospheric balloons and nanosatellites. As payloads are assembled, they move in a linear workflow south through the building into progressively cleaner space, terminating at the thermal vacuum chamber.
The size of the payloads drove the overall size of the ARB. The design capitalizes on its prominent location, adjacent to a primary vehicular route through campus as well as a key pedestrian/bike corridor and tunnel that was reconfigured for safer, better access. The building’s entrance is positioned at this multi-modal hub and new campus portal, where the thermal vacuum chamber is on display in the glassy volume of the two-story lobby.
Space science influenced the building’s design inside and out and its response to the desert climate. Its crinkled metal skin takes cues from the solar array of the International Space Station, with textured vertical fins, breathable rain screen, and integrated frit that mitigate the intensity of the Sonoran sun. All water is recaptured on site, stored below grade, and filtered through a series of bio-swales and rain gardens. While the ARB’s research requires sophisticated air and exhaust systems for safety, its mechanical systems are designed 30 percent more efficient than the ASHRAE baseline for this building type. The design-build project is pursuing LEED Silver certification through the U.S. Green Building Council.
"The University of Arizona has been a leader in design-build and this project is a great example of how the process brings a vision to life and provides the community that it serves a facility that will achieve remarkable things," said Antonya Williams, Executive Vice President of McCarthy’s Education Group. “Through its truly collaborative culture, the university's Planning Design and Construction group provided a foundation for the project team to innovate and find solutions to every challenge, particularly those that are uncommon due to the nature of the research being conducted, so the goals were achieved successfully.”
The ARB’s team began the progressive design-build process in fall of 2019, and the project groundbreaking occurred in June 2021. SmithGroup and McCarthy Building Companies served as progressive design-build partners on the ARB. SmithGroup provided integrated design services, including architecture, fire protection and life safety engineering, interiors, lab planning, landscape architecture, lighting design, MEP engineering, and programming. McCarthy self-performed various aspects of the project, which helped to maintain the schedule, particularly since much of the work on the project occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic.